Climate Change Spells Extinction for Pikas of Lake Tahoe

An American pika hopping through rocks in summertime. (Alison Henry)

One of north Lake Tahoe’s cutest residents, the American pika, has disappeared. UC Santa Cruz researchers have discovered an extinction spanning from Tahoe City to Truckee, the largest pika die-off in the modern era.

A new study, published in PLOS One, shows how the effects of climate change are playing out in real time. For six years, a team led by biologist Joseph Stewart scouted without luck for the small high-altitude mammals in a 65-square-mile area of the Sierra Nevada.

Stewart said they found signs that pikas once flourished in the region as late as 1991, but today the animals are strangely missing.

“The loss of pikas from this large area of otherwise suitable habitat echoes prehistoric range collapses that happened when temperatures increased after the last ice age,” said Stewart. “This time, however, we’re seeing the effects of climate change unfold on a scale of decades as opposed to millennia.”

Pikas are squeaky rabbit relatives about the size of a hamster. All summer long they hop from talus fields to meadows, carrying bouquets of wildflowers and grass to their high altitude homes storing up enough food for winter. Pikas have a thick fur coats and a furnace-like metabolism that helps during frigid days, but makes them vulnerable to hot summers.

American pikas spend summers carrying mouthfuls of grass and wildflowers to their homes tucked between rocks. (Chris Ray)

Researchers believe they simply can’t survive when it gets hot. When temperatures spike, pikas hide underground to avoid overheating. Unfortunately, long hours underground mean they’re not collecting food, which limits survival and reproduction.

Stewart predicts habitat that’s suitable for pikas will decrease by 97 percent in the Lake Tahoe region by 2050, which will leave a void in the food chain. Pikas are important prey for owls, hawks, coyotes and weasels.

Temperatures recorded from weather station in Tahoe City, Ca. (UC Santa Cruz)

Two other recent studies show that pikas have disappeared from the Black Rock Range in Nevada and from Zion National Park in Utah.  Researchers believe the die-off in Zion happened sometime between 2011 and 2015.

In recent years, efforts to protect pikas on the endangered species list have failed both on the state and federal level.

 

Climate Change Spells Extinction for Pikas of Lake Tahoe 4 September,2017Lesley McClurg

  • Scott Keiper

    Was there more than one temperature station used to base temp. rise? Temp. stations are very susceptible to urban heat islands.

    • Lesley McClurg

      The study reports that only one weather
      station in the area did not suffer from major issues with missing data. Leading climatologists confirmed that the weather station used is about as good as it gets. Sierra-wide
      temperature trends also show substantial warming.

  • Kelly

    Thank you for publishing this important story about climate change and its very real effects on the plants and animals of the high alpine zone.
    One point to clarify: pikas aren’t rodents. They are lagomorphs, the same mammal order as rabbits and hares.

    • Lesley McClurg

      Thank you so much for the clarification!

  • Allan Chinn

    What methods we’re used? Build shade stations to offer lower temp areas.

Author

Lesley McClurg

Lesley McClurg reports for KQED Science primarily on medical and mental health with a sprinkling of stories about space, environmental toxins and food.

If there’s a natural disaster brewing Lesley can usually be found right in the midst of a catastrophe. She’s reported on disastrous floods, fires, droughts and earthquakes.

Her work is regularly rebroadcast on NPR and PBS. She is an Edward R. Murrow and Emmy award winning journalist. The Society of Environmental Journalists recognized her beat coverage of California’s historic drought.

Before joining KQED in 2016, she reported for Capital Public Radio, Colorado Public Radio, KUOW and KCTS in Seattle.

You can find her on Twitter at @lesleywmcclurg.

You can find her KQED medical science stories, her environment stories, and general news stories.

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