Bay Area residents got an early morning, shaky wake-up call today. At 2:39 a.m. to be exact.

A 4.4 magnitude earthquake in Berkeley jolted residents awake early Thursday morning. The quake struck on the Hayward Fault, which runs through the East Bay from San Pablo Bay in the north to Fremont in the south, passing through Berkeley, Oakland and Hayward. There hasn’t been a major quake on this fault since a 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck in Oct. 1868, causing massive destruction. U.S. Geological Survey scientists say the fault is “a tectonic time bomb,” due anytime for another big one.

For those of you who (like me) slept through most of geology class, a fault is a fracture in the Earth’s crust (its outermost rocky layer), the line where blocks of crust on either side have shifted past each other.

As USGS explains more precisely than I can: “Not every crack in the ground is a fault. What defines a fault is the movement of the rock on either side. When that movement is sudden, the released energy causes an earthquake. Some faults are tiny, but others are part of great fault systems along which rocks have slid past each other for hundreds of miles. These fault systems are the boundaries of the huge plates that make up the Earth’s crust. In the San Francisco Bay region, the Quaternary-active faults are part of the boundary between the Pacific and North American plates.”

As you can see from this map, the Bay Area is a veritable conference of faults. Mouseover to see the names of the faults (in red) nearest you. Click on the fault line for its description. Zoom in and click on any recent quake for more specific location data. Zoom out to see the locations and sizes of other recent earthquakes around the world. View a full-screen version of the official USGS map here.

 

For more on the science of earthquakes, check out KQED’s free e-book.

Interactive Earthquake Map: Get to Know Your Local Faults 16 February,2018Matthew Green

  • PJBOODT

    Why does it NOT show the Michigan fault line?? We’ve had 2 quakes in less than 2 months. The USGS said it was a new fault line.

  • James Ewing

    The Hot Springs fault line has been active for as long as i can remember and every so often it lets you know it’s still around.

  • James Ewing

    Also it is not shown on the map

Author

Matthew Green

Matthew Green produces and edits The Lowdown, KQED’s multimedia news education blog, an online resource for educators and the general public. He previously taught journalism at Fremont High School in East Oakland, and has written for numerous local publications, including the Oakland Tribune and San Francisco Chronicle. Email: mgreen@kqed.org; Twitter: @MGreenKQED

Sponsored by

Become a KQED sponsor