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Welcome to Do Now’s Special Series on “The Press, The Presidency & Propaganda”. We live in  a controversial and confusing political climate where there are daily disputes about what is factual and true, and what is not. We think it is important to have the vocabulary and media literacy background to  think critically about different ways the nation and its leaders speak and write about issues that matter to us.

Join us here on Wednesdays in February for Do Now questions exploring different aspects of the press and propaganda as it relates to the presidency and public knowledge.

February 1: Lying Politicians & Propaganda
February 8: Censorship
February 15: The Fourth Estate
February 22: Citizen Accountability


Featured Resources [AUDIO]:
‘New York Times’ Editor: ‘We Owed It To Our Readers’ To Call Trump Claims Lies (NPR)


 In September, the New York Times addressed an issue plaguing the news media industry: whether to call the then Presidential candidate Donald Trump’s false statements blatant lies.

NPR And The Word ‘Liar’: Intent Is Key (NPR)

Last week, the subject was revisited by the NPR’s Richard Gonzales with a different perspective.


A Pattern Surfaces

At the first press briefing of the Trump administration, the day after the inauguration, Press Secretary Sean Spicer falsely claimed that the ceremony drew the largest audience in inauguration history. In his defense, Kellyanne Conway, counselor to the president, said that Spicer was presenting “alternative facts” rather than making false claims.

Later that week, President Trump claimed that voter fraud cost him the popular vote, and said that he would launch an investigation into the matter. The administration has not produced evidence to back these claims.  

Throughout the administration’s first full week in office, discussion on the validity of the information being passed down from the White House has placed the media and lawmakers on edge. 

While most prominent media outlets have yet to call the President and and his advisors’ statements complete lies, opinion pieces have addressed the issue in more forthright terms.

In an article from Teen Vogue, writer Lauren Duca puts it this way:

“At the hands of Trump, facts have become interchangeable with opinions, blinding us into arguing amongst ourselves, as our very reality is called into question.”

And in rare form, the New York Times addressed the voter fraud claim with a striking headline – “Trump Repeats Lie About Popular Vote in Meeting With Lawmakers”.

So what’s going on? And why do we need to pay attention?

Gaslighting and Propaganda

Manipulating facts for political gain is propaganda. History reveals that political gains advanced by propaganda have steered nations into conflict. For example, in Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler and his Minister of Propaganda, Josef Goebbels, used military rallies and fiery speeches to build nationalism, win support for their political party, and ultimately justify the systematic genocide of the Jewish population.

In another instance, propaganda was used to recruit and garner support for women entering the workforce during World War II, as seen in the famous “We Can Do It!” poster of that era.

And when it comes to shaping policy, decisions based on propaganda have consequences that affect public life.

The communication style we’ve seen in the first few days of the Trump Administration exemplifies propaganda and gaslighting techniques, both strategies for controlling the flow of information that eventually shape public opinion and discourse, as well as policy outcomes. 

 Have you seen or read an example of propaganda recently? If so, what was your reaction? 

Respond in the comments below or on Twitter using the hashtag #DoNowPropaganda.


Also, this…

Trump’s Lies VS. Your Brain [Politico Magazine]

What Comes After Alternative Facts [Pop Sugar]

How Does Propaganda Affect the Way We Think And Act? 8 March,2017Chanelle Ignant
  • Jacob Catala

    I think the media and the media propaganda have a huge influence on our everyday life! The thing with propaganda is you do not see it as propaganda until you are told it is so! It also influences us in a major way because it reinforces beliefs we already had but with a slight lie that makes us believe what with thought was our own truths into someone’s else’s beliefs!

    • Jace Cuneo

      I agree, especially in this time where there has been a “political battle” and with Democrats and Republicans and with Trump. There always a secret motive behind everything nowadays, that it is hard to really know whats going on.

      #MyCMSTArgs

      • Zachary Trovatore

        With all the political propaganda today, it’s hard to sort simple fact from fiction. I feel as though manipulation of the media to benefit oneself is immature and misleading. If we want a great political party/country then it’s about time everyone starts thinking about everyone instead of personal gain.

        #MyCMSTArgs #donowpropaganda

  • Seryna Valencia

    I thought that propaganda was something of the past like what was mentioned in the article; used to get women to enter the workforce. I did not realize that I see propaganda almost every day on my Twitter news feed. By definition is “information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view”. Peoples post on twitter are great at doing this. Whether it be words, videos or images; it is every where.The attached link is one of my favorite ones that I can remember. I like it when they are not too serious and I can get a laugh in. https://imgflip.com/i/14ffzy
    #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

    • Yasmin Gonzalez

      I feel the same way about thinking it was something of the past just because it is hidden so well now a days in social media and because there is so much. It is hard to recognize what is actual information and what is just a tactic trying to promote politics and certain views. We don’t even realize what propaganda is at this point making it easier for those using it to achieve their goal. I do agree that the funny propaganda serves as entertainment. Great post! #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

    • Max Sciarini

      I agree with you about propaganda being still alive today, under all of our noses, whether we see it or not. It exists in all forms of media now, and most people will follow it blindly without stopping to think what they’re really buying into.

    • Brandon Biermann

      It is truly amazing how powerful social media can be. The hidden context can be very deceiving for a majority of people and the without really thinking about it you wont always see it. But it wasn’t just during the election that this is an issue. It happens every single day in all sorts of dialogue.
      #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

  • Yasmin Gonzalez

    One recent example of propaganda i have seen lately that most have also seen is Donald Trump’s famous line “Make America Great Again”. I see this on hats, t-shirts, all over social media, bumper stickers etc. This is Donald Trumps way of getting the public to vote for him and support him because who wouldn’t want our country to be great. The thing is will Donald Trump actually make our country great again because so far i think its done the opposite. According to an article in the Washington post Trump even went as far as to trademark this slogan. His experience of the “American Dream” is what drove him to use this slogan wanting that for all of America. Too bad all of America doesn’t include minorities. I think this worked for trump because it got people’s attention who want America to be great again but he doesn’t seem to care too much about all of America only those in the higher classes who are white. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/how-donald-trump-came-up-with-make-america-great-again/2017/01/17/fb6acf5e-dbf7-11e6-ad42-f3375f271c9c_story.html?utm_term=.b7f3ae1cc378 #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

    • joshua lewis

      I agree with you that Trumps use of his slogan drastically helped the process of him being elected. The t-shirts, hats etc, all contributed to his slogan becoming so popular that people internalized the slogan as a promise, but in actuality the campaign slogan is just empty words on those hats and shirts. Could even go as far as saying that his slogan was used as propaganda for people to vote for him because the idea of a better America seems so simple but is actually a lot more complicated. Especially because our country needs to start looking out for everyone. Great post, enjoyed reading. #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

    • Seryna Valencia

      This is a great example of propaganda; one that I did not even think of. The phrase is so ‘no duh’ that it did not initially feel like it was intending to convince others. I see the “American dream” as representing opportunity. If this is what Trump was intending to say by his campaign slogan, ‘equal opportunity for all’, then I do not see his thus far actions as doing such a thing. Going back to the slogan, “make America great again”; again, when?, great, for who? As far as I am concerned equal rights are something great yet, they are still and issue. A better slogan should have been ‘lets keep making America great’ because we should be advancing, not returning to 50 years ago.
      #MyCMSTArgs
      #DoNowPropaganda

      • Taylor MacAndrew

        I enjoy your critical thinking and questions when referring to Trump’s slogan “Make America Great Again”. You asked, “when” and for “who” will this benefit? The little progress we have made as a country is still by far better then what it used to be. For a nation that claims “freedom and equality” we seem to be regressing from that goal.
        #myCMSTargs #donowpropaganda

  • Krieger Heather

    This “lesson plan” is Trash Trump propaganda. He’s been in office for less than a month and these articles provide no examples of lying from the Obama administration. I’ve always believed that when searching for the truth, one should seek evidence from all perspectives. This is something I want to teach my own children and my students.

  • Jace Cuneo

    Propaganda is everywhere these days. The biggest example i noticed was how mainstream media and democrats immediately put the blame on Russia for hacking and releasing information to wikileaks. It was an obvious move to sway public opinion and to discredit and start controversy. So when I hear that kind of stuff I just try to ask myself; who’s benefitting from this? Are they trying to put your attention somewhere else?…It was all propaganda funded by people who buy out crooked politicians.

    https://www.rt.com/usa/372795-mcafee-dnc-hack-propaganda/

    #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

  • Zachary Trovatore

    Trump is notoriously known for calling Hillary Clinton and other political leaders liars. On an article from http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/01/donald-trump-lies-liar-effect-brain-214658 70% of Trumps statements during his campaign were checked by Politifact and proved false. I think trump is using a hypocritical tactic to boost his image and campaign by diverting the attention of the populous away from his own falsehoods.

    #mycmstargs #donowpropaganda

    • Alexei Taisler

      I find you’re view point interesting and wish you wrote a little more on how you viewed the article and you’re opinions behind it. I looked into Politico and was happy to see their readers came from all different spectrums yet when I looked into Politifact I found many people found bias in how they interpret their data. I used Quora, a domain where questions are posed and users respond from different political views and most agreed. https://www.quora.com/Is-PolitiFact-liberally-biased Although I agree Trump uses a lot of “alternative facts”, I feel there wouldn’t be too much of a difference if we looked at facts from the other side too. The main difference is the bluntness of Trump in my opinion.
      #myCMSTargs #donowpropaganda

  • Taylor MacAndrew

    Propaganda is still very prevalent in our world today, and in many cases at a much more extreme level. While people are becoming more advanced, so are the propaganda tactics. Allowing them to appear so subtle they almost go unnoticed, yet they are increasingly powerful. We see these propaganda strategies primarily on any form of social media, where there are no discrepancies on accesses the information, at all times. As we are constantly flooded with opinions, facts and opposing views, things begin to blend together, sparking ideas, emotions, and soon enough the credibility of the sources don’t seem to matter as much. Writer Lauren Duca put it best, “At the hands of Trump, facts have become interchangeable with opinions, blinding us into arguing amongst ourselves, as our very reality is called into question.” With control over the flow of information, facts eventually become interchangeable with opinion, ultimately shaping public opinion and policy outcomes. These are propaganda tactics we’ve already begun to see with our new president- elect. Here is an article that demonstrates the abundance of false information released, with no penalty. http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/01/donald-trump-lies-liar-effect-brain-214658 . It is important to listen to the facts, but more importantly where they are coming from, in order to shape your own opinion and help to standup for what you believe in. #myCMSTargs #donowpropaganda

  • Max Sciarini

    I haven’t kept up with too much of political news recently, but the one form of propaganda that I have seen is Trump’s MAGA (Make America Great Again) campaign. Trump’s campaign makes the claim that America is not a great country anymore, and that we can change that by voting for him. Since his election, we have seen little truth in backing up those claims, and many reports of false news. In this article from the Vancouver Sun, http://vancouversun.com/opinion/columnists/daphne-bramham-alternative-facts-how-about-more-truth-in-the-trump-era, it gives more information on the “alternative facts” from Trump’s organization, and how it is affecting the country and the world.

    • Max Sciarini

      #myCMSTargs #donowpropaganda

  • Alexei Taisler

    I hold a very open opinion when it comes to propaganda through media and the government. I believe the truth is and will always be exaggerated and/or accompanied by “alternative facts” and the best way to combat this is to look at sources from different political views. Although I choose to withhold my opinions on politics (beliefs are personal and not to be debated), I do express my opinion on being a decent human being. Propaganda has become more extreme through social media and people become stuck in echo chambers of their own beliefs which leads to being too certain in peoples own views and prevents them from even listening to views that may differ. This is not surprising considering there is very little unbiased media sources. With that being said I found Michael Rosenblums video on why media should be biased very interesting. I agree with him to a certain extent but there is also the fact that he is very liberal and works for a liberal news source and all his examples are aligned with those views. My final thought is that if you’re going to speak on biases and your goal is to get others to change and agree with you’re views then you probably should not blatantly insult them and use bias reasons as your examples. People do not open their minds to angry and demeaning opinions. If the point isn’t to try and get opposing views to see you’re side then all you’re doing is playing into echo chambers.
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-rosenblum/the-networks-are-biased-a_b_12600190.html?utm_hp_ref=media-bias
    #myCMSTargs #donowpropaganda

  • Brandon Biermann

    The most recent form of propaganda that I have witnessed was through social media during this past presidential election. I mean there were numerous films and articles that were going all through the media that portrayed sides, either for Hillary Clinton or Donald Trump. Unfortunately, these forms through the media lack great truth and that is the biggest issue for our society because people begin to make judgments based on what they read. Propaganda is all around us, you just have to read between the lines and determine if it is biased to any one side or opinion. http://www.indiewire.com/2016/11/social-media-2016-election-hillary-trump-twitter-feelthebern-pepe-1201743701/ This article explains the amount of people who use social media as their primary news source.

    • Tt

      I think its important to open people’s eyes to the fact that political campaigns aren’t always based in fact. They are meant to help the candidate win the election. They use promises and biased facts to promote their personal agenda and to collect votes and followers of their campaign. trump did an incredible job using propaganda in his favor by using the the most emotionally charged issues as the basis for his campaign. #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

    • Lee V

      I agree, to take a presidential campaign’s statements/ promises at face value is always a flawed strategy. People lie, exaggerate, and defame others just to reach power. I wish there was a pure candidate who was running with the promise of only being interested in helping the people and not themselves and their friends but sadly, power has proven to corrupt almost always.
      #donowpropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

  • Tt

    Propaganda comes in many forms. With the large quantities of social media and traditional media we consume, its hard not to be constantly bombarded with ideas used to push specific issues or sides. Propaganda is used to publicize a particular political cause or point of view, usually through biased or misleading information. Trump’s constant use of Twitter is his own personal propaganda platform used to promote his “alternative facts” and personal ideals. This is a huge issue, as propaganda has been used to promote and accept mass genocides. As Trump’s lies become accept as facts, we face mindlessly controlled masses who follow their moral outrage supported and fueled by Trump’s propaganda. This makes me outraged and the blind stupidity of the “majority” of our population… if you consider the electoral college as a fair representation of the majority. Please don’t allow yourself to accept these lies as facts. #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs
    http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/01/donald-trump-lies-liar-effect-brain-214658

    • Megan Olivera

      I completely agree with your points in this comment. When we as a society are fed so many lies over time it becomes difficult to differentiate what are facts and what is attempting to manipulate our thoughts and ideas. With propaganda being everywhere it is hard to rid of it and find the truth behind all the lies.#donowpropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

  • Roxanne Galdos

    I think that one of the biggest forms of propaganda I’ve seen throughout his presidential campaign and continuing into his presidency is Trump’s use of social media, particularly Twitter. Personally I think that the way the president has been using Twitter is extremely childish and unprofessional. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lefBVrGyJU His accusations of anything negative about his current agenda being “fake news” along with his tweets lashing out at individuals who disagree with him are completely absurd. These labels like “fake news” and “alternative facts” are so confusing. I feel like Trump’s tweets have opened the door for propagandist like Tomi Lahren to spew impartial and inaccurate information to an audience that doesn’t quite understand what’s actually going on in our country. #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

    • Sue Peterson

      I very much agree with you. Twitter is great in some aspects, but not for complex, difficult to understand issues and the President’s use of it seems to indicate that the issues are simplistic enough to be handled through a 140 character tweet (or a few in some instances), ignoring the more nuanced parts of issues.

  • Jason In

    Propaganda doesn’t just come from social media, it can also come from tv, opinion articles, neighbors, etc. But, either way, people should have their own voice and not belittle or undermine others just for their own opinions. Like what U.C Berkeley did last week was abysmal as they basically prevented others (specifically the young republicans who got Milo Yiannopoulos to talk there) from expressing their opinions. Just let others believe what they want and don’t try to influence them.

    • Heidi Coffman

      I couldn’t agree with you more. The fact that everyone comes from different backgrounds and have their own perspectives on life entitles them to form their own opinions. We need to become a nation that learns the phrase “agree to disagree”.

    • Kyle Robins

      I agree that it is important to allow individuals to have and form their own opinions but I also think it is vital that we challenge what is true and what is false. It is not beneficial to have an opinion that was formulated based on an “alternative fact”. We need to promote truth across the board while not oppressing the opinions of each other. #donowpropaganda #myCMSTArgs

    • Roxanne Galdos

      With the case of Milo Yiannopoulos speaking at UC Berkeley I’d have to disagree with you. I understand that it’s important for everyone to be able to voice their own opinion but there is a line crossed when you incite harassment and violence towards others, which is what Milo did through social media. I think “just letting others believe what they want” is not the way we should go about our lives. Challenging ideas and becoming more open to other’s perspectives is essential in being able to comprehend what’s really going on in the world. If you seclude yourself to only hearing what you want to hear then there is no growth. Despite this, there is a point where strong opinions may turn into hateful speech. We should not allow a political speaker, democrat or republican, to influence and promote hate speech among college students. #donowpropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

  • Heidi Coffman

    With the changes in the way the public receives their information about political issues and controversy, propaganda is present more so now than ever. It’s on the mainstream media coverage, President Trumps personal Twitter, Facebook, “Make America Great Again” products (clothing, bumper stickers, signs, etc.), and so many more places. Propaganda isn’t even just coming from the Trump Administration, but from our own peers as well. The definition of propaganda doesn’t specify that it’s the politicians trying to sway opinions, just that information, usually biased in nature, to promote a political issue or point of view. I think it’s important to know that propaganda doesn’t just come from the media or the politicians and their supporters because the propaganda that we see from the public itself is swayed by the propaganda from the politicians and media. I like what Lauren Duca from Teen Vouge said above: “At the hands of Trump, facts have become interchangeable with opinions, blinding us into arguing amongst ourselves, as our very reality is called into question.” Because of the propaganda given to our citizens by the Administration and the media, we are, like Duca stated, arguing amongst ourselves over things that we don’t even know to be true. We should keep in mind what Mary Louise Kelly from NPR said about the definition of a lie in the Oxford English Dictionary being a false statement made with the intent to deceive. “Intent being the keyword there. Without the ability to peer into Donald Trumps head, I can’t tell you what his intent was. I can tell you what he said and how that squares with, or doesn’t, with facts,” as Kelly stated. Though it seems that his intent is to deceive, the actual facts that we do have don’t prove that is the case; they just imply that this is his intent. I know that I don’t take all of the propaganda personally or seriously because I know that I don’t have the full story and all of the facts. I can’t see inside the Presidents head or the minds of his Cabinet, but I can see into my own mind and form my own opinions.

    #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

  • Lee V

    The first thing I thought of when I began to ponder examples of propaganda I encounter daily was Twitter. 140 characters to summarize a message and make it deliverable to people on a massive stage. You need something catchy that will attract Retweets and Favorites. It is a perfect setup for silly and/or social things like memes to go viral, but what is perhaps more problematic is how perfect of a setup it is for basic propaganda. Trump’s twitter page, for example: he uses his own personal account and tweets short messages with powerful connotations. Recently he took to the site to condemn Iran. He didn’t do it in a press conference, where he could be asked questions, he didn’t do a live stream of him presenting the message. No- he just tweeted words with a picture of his face and his name attached to it. I don’t have to be a political expert to recognize that using a pubic internet forum to attack another country is bordering on dangerous. But what is so clever about using Twitter is that while I and thousands others view this as an unstable action, an all risk no reward strategy, thousands others will ONLY see that tweet, from Trump, and will then use their limited knowledge or resources to draw a conclusion. Their conclusion is based mostly on Trump’s personal statements. These aren’t official White House statements he is making, they are simply his personal opinion but because he presents them from a ‘verified’ account and is garnering thousands of Retweets and Favorites to all of his tweets, people will and do take this tweets as a kind of fact. The president’s opinion becomes public opinion as he uses this domain to push a personal agenda and make people believe that what he is saying is correct. It’s blatant propaganda, it’s genius, it’s working.

    #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

  • Kyle Robins

    Propaganda was a large factor in the election leading to Trump’s victory. This acrticle describes propaganda as “manipulating facts for political gain”. In the following blogpost, the author Nico Lang claims that fake news is the modern propaganda http://www.salon.com/2016/11/29/fake-news-is-modern-propaganda-in-the-trump-era-history-repeats-itself-not-as-farce-but-as-clickbait/. This is interesting because it shows the people of America that it is hard to know what to believe. It is scary to know that a president and some of his cabinet members have been caught lying directly to the public. I hope that as a country we can work on sifting out the lies and not accepting anything but the truth. #donowpropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

    • Justis Haruo Kusumoto

      I absolutely agree with you Kyle: fake news has contributed enormously to the polarization of our political system, and definitely contributed to his victory. Throughout the election, Breitbart and Drudge Report, along with dozens of other news sites of highly questionable journalistic and factual quality continued to selectively report news that created an echo chamber. In a sense, these echo chambers were propaganda because they deliberately omitted facts that might contradict what Trump or other alt-right approved candidates might say. #DoNowPropaganda

  • Megan Olivera

    When it comes to politics, the most experience I have had is what is required to learn as you go through general education. I have never been fascinated or intrigued by the government and quite frankly that is sad to say as an American. Although this be the case, I believe anyone, no matter how much you try to avoid politics, has definitely heard of Trump and all of his “exceptional” qualities. Through Trump’s use of propaganda he has created many issues and controversial topics amongst Americans because apparently being honest is not the way to go when the truth is what the people wont like. In many ways propaganda is used to get a message across whether that be a truth or a lie, as long as the word gets out or someones favor is won over all game is fair. #donowpropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

    • Brian Luong

      I agree with you that Trump has consistently used propaganda throughout his entire campaign. He argues that he has the best policies and that he will “drain the swamp” but never cares to state any of his plans. For example, Trump plans to cut funding for the Affordable Care Act but does not tell the people how he will replace it in any way. Trump’s propaganda against immigrants has also caused a huge divide in the country with protests against the building of the wall as well as the travel ban. #MyCMSTArgs #DoNowPropaganda

    • Joanna Aguilar

      I agree, it kind of sucks how people use propaganda to convey messages, knowing that the truths behind it aren’t pleasing to hear, yet people still favor it in that manner.
      #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

    • Lee V

      I definitely agree that this is a very unique time, though the star players aren’t necesserily using unique tools to gain the spotlight. Everyone knows about Trump and about his scandal and the two sides that are coming out of this election. His propaganda has taken over the mainstream and leaked into every citizen’s- and probably most people globably’s- lives.

  • Justis Haruo Kusumoto

    Recently and in the distant past I have come to see propaganda from the alt-right website Breitbart. A number of fact checkers, including politi-fact have debunked a number of their defenses of Trump’s outrageous accusations and claims. They have been dubbed the “Donald Trump Super-PAC” by a number of political experts because of their past, independent support of Trump which did not bridge until Steve Bannon joined Trump’s inner circle. I was incredibly outraged and disappointed when I discovered that millions of ignorant alt-right readers use this site despite its clear biases and questionable quality of reporting, along with other “fake news” such as info wars which spread vicious and ridiculous lies. It takes away from real policy discussions because it makes it impossible for people who have read real news from discussing real facts and issues with people that have a completely different perspective that cannot be understood because it is based in an entirely different and largely false pattern of facts. Politifact and other news organizations have routinely debunked conspiracy theories and Trump-amplifying junk news promoted by sites such as Breitbart, but to little avail. Breitbart’s ratings continue to soar, and Trump’s floor on his approval ratings appear to be steady, about as much as they were the month before the election. You can find some of the politifact debunks of Breitbart here: http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2017/jan/21/sean-spicer/trump-had-biggest-inaugural-crowd-ever-metrics-don/
    #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

  • Kyla Lee

    I agree that it is important to allow individuals to have their own opinions. #TEACHDONOW

  • Jessica Hirianto

    #TEACHDONOW Honestly, living in another country, I have not seen any of the Trump vs. Clinton propaganda pictures. But from other propaganda images I have seen, I feel it is an appeal to the emotion. Propaganda images are using much of pathos and they try to drive some emotion out of the audience in order to retrieve a reaction. During WWI and WWII, there were many pictures that made people hate Hitler and vice versa. Even today, propaganda are not the most logical but is still is effective to move the crowd to doing or believing in something.

  • Brian Luong

    During the entire 2016 presidential election, fake news was rampant hitting both of the candidates. Even though Trump has won the presidency, the pattern of fake news still follows him; even being spread by one his favored councilors. When defending Trump’s executive order to ban travelers from seven dominantly Muslim countries from entering the United States, Kellyanne Conway told Cosmopolitan Magazine that Obama also had a ban on Iraqi refugees in 2011 “because two Iraqi nationals came to this country, joined ISIS, traveled back to the Middle East to get trained and refine their terrorism skills and come back here, and were the masterminds behind the Bowling Green massacre of taking innocent soldiers’ lives away.” There are many things wrong with this propaganda that was spread by Conway. The biggest lie in this situation is that there was no massacre at all. FBI has stated that although the two terrorists had attempted to send money and weapons, the men did not go to the Middle East to train and did not carry out an attack on U.S. soldiers in Kentucky. Conway also believed that there was a ban on Iraqi refugees when in reality there was no such ban. Obama had only tightened visa requirements for those entering the country which resulted in a slowdown of those coming into the United States. This propaganda scares me because representatives of this country are trying to incite fear with lies in order to further their political agenda. If Conway lies about things that never happened, it will be hard to gain that trust back when something of importance actually takes place. Conway has since admitted to her mistakes but only after a huge amount of backlash from the public and numerous articles fact checking her mistakes. #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/02/06/kellyanne-conways-bowling-green-massacre-wasnt-a-slip-of-the-tongue-shes-said-it-before/?utm_term=.e3278d487383
    http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2017/feb/03/kellyanne-conway/fact-checking-kellyanne-conways-bowling-green-mass/

  • Julia Boswell

    Propaganda creates a trust barrier between people, and when it is put up, it is often very difficult to break down. Upon reading more into the issue of propaganda, I realized just how much it is contributing to the unrest in the United States. From fake news to a pathological liar as a president, it is no wonder people are on edge. In order to come together the way a healthy country should, the lies must stop. Politics are not meant to ruin a country, but add to it in a positive matter where the focus is on what is factual and important. America has faced many hard times in the past, but now, with the increasingly problematic issue of propaganda, it is up to the people of America to come together to defend each other from these lies. There is so much separation, not only in America, but all over the world. These barriers have to be torn down so that we can move forward into a worldwide environment where people are willing to work together. We can prove that no lie makes a right, and that trusting one another is what we need to put our central focus into.

  • Joanna Aguilar

    I believe Trump’s slogan is an example of propaganda. “Make America great again” not going to lie is clever, but I feel as if this can be misleading and is bias because everyone has their own opinions of what is “great.”
    #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs

    • Eric Ascencio

      Joana, i agree with you that everyone has there own opinion of “great” but i think he has good intensions for our country so we will just have to wait and see what happens. I wish people could give the guy a chance because hes our president wether we like it or not. #DoNowPropoganda #MyCMSTArgs

    • John Ramirez

      I agree, anyone who has any historical background of America understands that to some Americans, America has not always been great. If anything America has only always been good to one group and that is a white, straight, male. So when the slogan “Make America Great Again” comes up I cant help but think of the oppression so many minority groups overcame in the past. Someone like me 50 years ago would not have the same opportunities I have now. The slogan almost insinuates that we shouldn’t progress.

    • gen

      I agree I think it is propaganda and it got people talking about him which is their main goal.

    • Nyle Khouja

      I agree, its very misleading, at first you want to agree that we should make America great again, but then you question why America wasn’t great in the first place, or if it was great at all. Although it was a very catchy and successful campaign slogan for Trump during his presidency. #DoNowPropaganda #MyCMSTArgs @2ndheartmom

  • Eric Ascencio

    I believe propaganda does affect the way we act and think. Depending on the news source you watch can affect your way of thinking tremendously. If you watch Fox news they are going to support everything Trump does and justify everything even if it is bad. If you watch MSNBC they are going to bash Trump and everything he does even if he saved an old lady from a burning building they would bash him. So i think the sources in which people get there news from influences them big time. The media also has a way of twisting things to make them sound good or bad depending on the situation. Word of mouth is also a big influence on peoples train of thought, people hear something or read a small portion of an article and jump to conclusion and they spread things that are not true. Hopefully Trump can do good things for our nation and people need to give the guy a chance instead of rioting and protesting because that is not going to change anything. #DoNowPropoganda #MyCMSTArgs http://climatescience.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228620-e-356

  • John Ramirez

    Of course propaganda affects the way we think. I feel like those that use propaganda are aware of the effects It will have on their audience and have carefully analyzed their audience and know what their looking for. I feel like propaganda works best when a certain group or country is falling apart. Leaders will feed people what they want to hear and feed them a dream that is far fetched. However, out of desperation sometimes the public is left with no option other than to believe them. For example Donald Trump, although not being fit for the job spoke to a certain population in America by feeding them a certain redirect. It is easy for all us to fall under the spell of propaganda. Whether it is Liberals believing every anti-Trump article to further push our anti trump agenda, to conservatives openly promoting Trumps unconstitutional agenda. Truth is we all go into things with a perceived idea an we use whats out there to either back up our ideas or fuel them. We as people need to be critical of everything we read, see, and listen to in order to be productive members of society. #MyCMSTargs

  • gen

    Propaganda is everything when it comes to promoting political parties it is about convincing the public they need a specific candidate to accomplish what they desire. Propaganda is non stop advertising and brainwashing to make a certain person look good. Propaganda ultimately affects the way we think and act because we can feel strongly about a certain candidate but if the propaganda is done well they can start making someone second guess themselves. Society now in days has proven that we are easily convinced with all these trends and viral videos with hashtags. It is very easy for people to go along with things that seem popular. I think one of the main things that plays a huge part on how well someone does politically is having good propaganda. It is about knowing how to use it and when to use it if done well you will get a pretty good result. Some people consider propaganda a lie but it is really not a lie it is more so knowing how to play the game and making yourself look good it is up to the viewers and audiences to educate themselves enough to not always believe and fall for everything they see.
    https://www.yahoo.com/news/cory-booker-calls-donald-trump-a-liar-who-uses-propaganda-154037623.html
    #MyCMSTArgs

  • Katherine Forsyth

    Although propaganda is typically viewed as negative, it can certainly serve a positive purpose. Propaganda sparks change and direct action. Propaganda provokes and inspires. Propaganda is not necessarily a bad thing. #DoNowPropaganda #MillerAPLang

  • Nyle Khouja

    I often see military propaganda on my Facebook feed when I’m leisurely scrolling through my home page. Images of what seems to be “bad ass” military special operations soldiers posing in alluring images with the caption, “want to do this.” The images themselves are photo shopped and edited to perfection. Its very misleading to someone who is unfamiliar with the military. Different military branches often battle with different types of videos and slogans trying to attract a young male or female candidates to run to the recruiting office and join. My reaction to this is indifferent because I’m confused on why the military wont show the sacrifices that are made when you decide to join it. The overall theme is that when you join you’ll earn respect, you’ll be part of a team, it will be fun, rewarding, and you’ll be known to be bad to the bone. Now these might be true but lets remember that back in WW1 German propaganda made young inexperienced soldiers feel that they were going on the biggest adventure of their lives, that they were going to die in a romanticized way as a soldier. But when they finally made it to the fighting, bullets were flying over their heads, and their friends were killed in the most gruesome way right in front of them. Most of the survivors that came out of the war came out with the understanding that war is hell. #MyCMSTArgs @2ndheartmom
    https://www.military1.com/military-lifestyle/article/1553206014-the-brief-history-of-each-branchs-motto/

Author

Chanelle Ignant

Chanelle is the Youth Media Specialist for KQED Learning. She has worked with various Bay Area youth media organizations and is an independent media maker.