In 1954, Dr. Joseph Murray took the healthy kidney from one identical twin and sutured it into the other. With that, a new frontier in medicine was ushered in. He later won the Nobel Prize for his work.

Dr. Joseph E. Murray, the Nobel laureate who conducted the world’s first successful organ transplant, died Monday at the Boston hospital where the pioneering surgery was performed. He was 93. He had suffered a hemorrhagic stroke at his Wellesley home Thanksgiving night. On Dec.

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