Flooded rice fields at the Cosumnes River Preserve near Elk Grove. Growing an acre of rice requires three acre feet of water or more; an acre foot is about 326,000 gallons. (Photo: Nancy Crowley/The Nature Conservancy)
Flooded rice fields at the Cosumnes River Preserve near Elk Grove. Growing an acre of rice requires three acre-feet of water or more. An acre-foot is roughly enough water for two Los Angeles-area households for a year. (Photo: Nancy Crowley/The Nature Conservancy)

Los Angeles is offering rice farmers in the Sacramento Valley more money than the city has ever paid for water — $700 per acre-foot. At this price, rice farmers could make more money selling water than they can make on their crops.

That makes it easy to say “yes,” says Lance Tennis, whose family has about 900 acres near Chico, an hour north of Sacramento. He says rice farmers in the Sacramento Valley feel compelled to help their parched neighbors to the south, but they wouldn’t want to make a habit of it.

“We’re rice growers, not water marketers,” Tennis says. “It’s something you would never want to commit to on an ongoing permanent basis because these water rights are very precious, very valuable to us — they’re the only thing that makes this land up here worth what it is — the ability to grow rice.”

Assuming the drought doesn’t curtail his local water district’s own supply, farmers like Tennis could get about $2,100 this year for every acre they agree to fallow. That’s because it takes more than three acre-feet of water to grow one acre of rice. By contrast, selling the rice nets a profit of between $1,000 to $1,500.

Following a brief “wet” season marked by California’s driest January on record, Metropolitan Water District in L.A. is offering to buy more than $70 million worth of water.

One upside to giving some land the year off, Tennis says, is that it’s easier with rice than certain other crops, like citrus, and doing so helps with weed control and affords a chance to level the land.

Tennis is among the rice farmers who depend on the Western Canal Water District, which is coordinating sales to Metropolitan. General manager Ted Trimble says he wouldn’t allow farmers to fallow more than 20 percent of the land district-wide.

But depending on the weather in the next couple weeks, all bets could be off, Trimble says — the deals are “contingent on the district getting its full supply of water.”

The water district depends on the Feather River, which flows into Lake Oroville, and Trimble says the likelihood of getting the full allotment of water has been growing slimmer by the day.

  • Cartoman

    Just goes to show that there is plenty of water available in California, at a price. Buying existing water at $700/AF is one third the price of desalinated ocean water and has no new environmental impacts. Both Ag and urban users need to get used to paying more for water.

  • LozanoBMP

    It’s ridiculous that they want to spend $700 per acre foot just for water. I’m sure the rice farmers will need the water for their crops more than L.A. does. It has been hard since there isn’t really any water but still, are you really willing to spend that much for water? If anything L.A. would probably just waste the water just as fast as they buy it. What gets me is that these farmers are making rice to make money to put food on the table for their family, and L.A. is trying to take the water that they use for their crops. If water is really that scarce then why don’t they try and conserve their own water rather than wasting it? In the article Lance Tennis said that they won’t sell the water, but if weather conditions happen to change then they would have to consider it. What will these rice farmers chose?; They barely get to sell their rice as it is. If the weather doesn’t change then will the rice farmers stick to making there profits?


Daniel Potter

Daniel Potter is a reporter for KQED Science. Before that, he worked at Nashville Public Radio for six years. He’s gathered tape for The New York Times, contributed to a growing list of podcasts, and done national features for NPR on everything from bats to meningitis. He tweets at @hellodanpo.

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