Forty years ago, when Jerry Brown was first governor, he signed a law that dramatically changed the way California sentenced criminal offenders. Previously, under the indeterminate sentencing law, many inmates received inconclusive sentences instead of a fixed term. It was up to a parole board to decide when an inmate was ready to re-enter society.

Under the law signed by Brown in 1976, the state shifted to a determinate sentencing structure — and in the years following, lawmakers and voters piled on dozens more laws that added years to prisoners’ terms.

Four decades later, California is under a court order to reduce its prison population because of severe overcrowding that led to inhumane conditions. Since returning to the governor’s office five years ago, Brown has made reducing that population one of his main priorities and has instated a number of major criminal justice policy shifts.

Now the governor thinks he has the final piece of the puzzle: Proposition 57.

The ballot measure by Brown will make it easier for many felons to get paroled from state prison. It will appear before voters Nov. 8 — and much of the campaign for the initiative has focused on encouraging inmates to better themselves by giving them an incentive to participate in rehabilitative programs.

In a recent exclusive interview with KQED News, Brown said the ballot measure is also a way to finally get out of the decade-long court oversight.

“That’s why we’re here,” he said, calling Proposition 57 a “rational” way to reduce the prison population while maintaining public safety.

The measure will let inmates earn more “good-time” credits for participating in programs and allow people convicted of crimes considered nonviolent under state law to go before the parole board before serving their entire sentence.

Prosecutors oppose Proposition 57, saying it’s vague and could lead to the release of dangerous criminals. Sacramento District Attorney Anne Marie Schubert said many crimes that are violent are considered nonviolent under state law, and that allowing people to be released early violates a compact the state made with victims.

“You might have a guy that gets sentenced by a judge and after having heard from a defense attorney and a DA and a victim and the defendant, and the judge says, ‘Mr. Jones, I sentence you to 25 years. That’s based upon the crimes. It’s based upon these enhancements. It’s based upon your prior convictions for violent crimes. You have 25 years,’ ” she said. “Now, the victim who had the courage and fortitude to come into a courtroom and testify, say on a domestic violence case — poof. That’s all gone.”

She called the measure “very dangerous for California” and “disgraceful for victims of crime.”

But Brown argued the ballot measure’s provisions are a natural extension of actions the court has already ordered the state to undertake. Currently, many people in prison under the state’s three-strikes law are being paroled early under a process similar to what Proposition 57 proposes.

“Eighty percent of what Proposition 57 does is being done right now under the force of a court order. It is backed up by the United States Supreme Court and which we cannot change unless they say our remedy, in this case Proposition 57, is durable and serves the end of justice,” Brown said.

He said the changes must be combined with rehabilitative programs.

“Education, junior college programs, drug treatment, more intensive mental health,” he said. “All these things that will take people — many have been abused as children, neglected, starting narcotics when they are 10 or 12, and are turning their lives around with some professional help.”

The governor says inmates will be more inclined to participate in those programs if they have the opportunity to leave prison sooner — and that society will be safer if they leave prison rehabilitated.

“I think, if anything, this is the greatest step we could take for public safety in California,” Brown said.

California Counts is a collaboration with four public media organizations in California to cover the 2016 election. This includes KPCC in Los Angeles,KQED in San Francisco, Capital Public Radio in Sacramento and KPBS in San Diego.

Brown Sees Proposition 57 as Key to Ending Court’s Oversight of Prisons 23 September,2016Marisa Lagos

  • MMcI

    This article fails to mention that Brown completely changed this proposition AFTER it was approved for the ballot.

    • Sherry Vincent

      This is about Prop 57 and its benefits all around. It’s a smart step in the right direction. I’ve done my due diligence in researching it and I am definitely voting YES!

  • Sherry Vincent
  • erica harrold

    Sentencing reform like that proposed in Prop 57 is a step in the right direction. The data shows that incarceration does little to rehabilitate inmates and we are increasingly aware of the devastating social impacts on families and communities, as well as the economic inefficiency of a system that spends $39 billion per year and has a “return to prison” rate of 67%.

    I agree with the Governor when he says we need more evidence based, rehabilitative programming in our prisons. Programs that are humane, economically efficient, and in accord with what we are learning about psychological health and community resilience. And these programs exist. Seven such initiatives are featured on the website beyondprison.us. At their root, they generally include the following common threads and themes:

    • They help inmates take personal responsibility for their actions.
    • They address mental health and issues related to childhood trauma.
    • They support successful integration post-release through developing inner, psychological resources (e.g. emotional intelligence, self-confidence, empathy, impulse control) and practical education and vocational training.
    • They accept as a foundational principle that inmates hold the same intrinsic value found within all human beings, and have something critically important to offer in their own lives, their families, and our communities.

    Innovative programs trade a punishment model of incarceration for a transformational model, acknowledging and supporting human potential. Whether through the use of art, literature, music, and performance, mindfulness and meditation, emotional intelligence work, restorative justice practices or horticulture, these initiatives help inmates gain personal and professional skills needed for success in and out of prison.

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