A pattern of officer-involved shootings in Vallejo raise eyebrows. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
The Solano County district attorney recently concluded a 2012 officer-involved shooting by Vallejo police was a lawful use of deadly force. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

The Solano County district attorney has determined that a Vallejo police officer’s fatal shooting of Jeremiah Moore was lawful, nearly 21 months after the Oct. 21, 2012, incident.

A summary letter (below) to Vallejo Police Chief Joseph Kreins, dated July 8, means that two of three fatal police shooting investigations involving the same officer, Sean Kenney, are now finished. The three shootings occurred over about five months in 2012. The other completed probe found that a September 2012 shooting was also justifiable. The district attorney’s investigation into the first 2012 shooting involving Kenney remains unfinished more than two years later.

“That it takes a year, two, three years to investigate these — there’s really not much justification for that other than either bureaucratic bungling or simply being unwilling to want to get the answers,” said Dennis Kenney, a professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, on a broadcast of KQED’s Forum.

All three shootings are controversial and are the subject of separate lawsuits against the city, its police department and Officer Kenney (no relation to the professor).

In the July 8 letter about the Moore shooting, Chief Deputy District Attorney Terry Ray describes the response of several officers to multiple calls from a quiet neighborhood in a city with a reputation for violent crime. Neighbors had reported two naked men arguing and breaking their own car windows outside their residence at 2504 Alameda St.

Neighbor Marvin Clouse, who videotaped much of the incident, told KQED he rushed inside to call the fire department when he heard the men talk about starting to set their house on fire.

Officers arrived at a darkened house with broken windows and an open front door, according to the letter. Kenney and Sgt. Brett Clark approached the darkened front door with flashlights, and Clark was carrying a “37 mm less-lethal munitions gun,” a launcher that can fire impact rounds like rubber bullets. The letter says an off-duty officer who was riding along with Kenney shouted “‘he’s got a gun,’ or something similar.”

Clark, at the front door, called for people inside the house to come out as Kenney covered him from the side. One of the naked men complied and got on the ground, but as Kenney reached for his handcuffs, he saw the barrel of a rifle but not who was holding it, according to the letter.

“He yelled commands and fired several shots where he believed the subject with the rifle would be standing,” the summary says. After the first barrage of gunshots, both men were lying on the ground and officers commanded them to show their hands.

“The first white male complied; however, the second male was seen reaching for the rifle,” the letter says. “The second male did not comply with the commands that Officer Kenney was giving, so Officer Kenney fired his weapon two more times.”

Oakland-based civil rights attorney Michael Haddad, who is representing Jeremiah Moore’s parents in a federal wrongful death lawsuit against the city, says the district attorney’s review does not affect the lawsuit.

“It doesn’t even make sense,” Haddad said, “and it conflicts with the press release initially offered by the Vallejo Police Department.”

The department initially reported that a man with a rifle appeared and “placed the barrel of the rifle directly against an officer’s stomach.” Another officer “immediately discharged his firearm at the man with the rifle. The man with the rifle fell to the floor and was taken into custody,” the initial police statement says.

“They don’t mention the final two shots that now the DA report talks about,” Haddad said.

Neighbor Marvin Clouse’s camera did not capture much visually about the incident, but listen below to the audio of the first round of gunshots followed several seconds later by two final shots. This audio is graphic. KQED has made no internal edits to the sound clip.

Haddad said the evolving narrative about the incident piques his interest in Jeremiah Moore’s autopsy, which has remained sealed by Vallejo police. A representative for the Solano County coroner confirmed Moore’s autopsy remains “protected” by order of the Vallejo Police Department, despite the conclusion of the district attorney’s investigation.

Vallejo police did not return calls inquiring about the status of the coroner’s report and seeking an explanation of the protocol for the presence of an off-duty “ride along” officer who it appears was from another Bay Area police department, which also did not return calls seeking confirmation.

The district attorney’s summary also seems to contradict statements from Jaime Alvarado, a witness who says he watched the scene play out from his upstairs window across the street.

Alvarado told KQED that an officer at the base of the steps to the home fired several shots at a naked man with his hands up standing in the doorway. Alvarado estimated the officer was 8-10 feet away from the man when he fired.

Haddad said the district attorney’s conclusions don’t change anything about the Moores’ lawsuit.

“Even though the DA won’t hold officers accountable, we can,” Haddad said.

The investigation was completed during a lame-duck period for outgoing Solano District Attorney Don du Bain. He was unseated in the June primary election by Krishna Abrams, a top prosecutor within the office who campaigned on strong support from county law enforcement agencies and attorneys. She criticized ethics within the office following a controversy involving prosecutors, police and the former county medical examiner. Abrams is scheduled to take office Jan. 5, 2015.

Read the district attorney’s summary letter to Chief Kreins below:

  • Ray

    This cop in particular, officer Kenney, is a loose cannon. Very unstable. He lies on the stand and has never been held accountable for any of the crimes he’s committed as an officer. I was pulled over for window tint and ended up being beaten by him and charged with battery on an officer and resisting arrest. In court, they dropped the battery charge because they didn’t write it into the police report and also because it wasn’t true. They were able to convict me with resisting arrest because the law is so vague that it’s hard to fight against. I filed a lawsuit against officer Kenney and the Vallejo police department. It turned out that at that time, my lawyer discovered officer Kenney had 40 complaints filed against him. This was 7 years ago. Since then, he’s killed and most likely beat several innocent people. However, he’s always found to be working within the law and never held accountable. He just gets paid leave for his crimes. It’s a shame.


Alex Emslie

Alex Emslie is a news reporter focused on criminal justice policy, policing and legal issues. He left Colorado and a career as a carpenter in 2008 to study journalism at community college in San Francisco. He then graduated from San Francisco State University's journalism program with a minor in criminal justice studies. Emslie contributed to several Bay Area newspapers and online news outlets before joining KQED in 2013. He loves multimedia reporting, publishing source documents and transparency. He can be reached at aemslie@kqed.org and followed via @SFNewsReporter.

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