A national study of almost every tenth-grader in Chile found that having a growth mindset strongly correlates to academic achievement. Students from low-income families were also less likely to report a growth mindset.
A study found that students who read about famous scientists' personal and intellectual struggles do better in their science classes. Librarians helped us put together a list of books that detail some of those struggles.
Building struggle into lessons can help students learn better than using direct instruction, according to research, and Singapore's education system is investing in 'productive failure' to help its already high-achieving students.